Adaptive Physical Education is a branch of the physical education program dealing with specific populations and students requiring special needs and services. The Adaptive Physical Education Specialist will assist adaptive and general physical education teachers in accommodating and modifying their physical education programs to meet the needs of students with disabilities.
Change the word "adaptive" to "modified" and you have the idea of Adaptive Physical Education. It is GOOD teaching which adapts (modifies) the curriculum, task, and/or environment so that ALL students can fully participate in physical education.
Federal law (PL 94-142, PL 101-476, PL 105-17) mandates that physical education be provided to students with disabilities and defines physical education as the development of:
" physical and motor skills,
" fundamental motor skills and patterns (throwing, catching, walking, running, etc). and
" skills in aquatics, dance, and individual and group games and sports (including intramural and lifetime sports).
For all practical purposes, Adaptive Physical Education IS developmentally appropriate physical education at its finest. It is adapting, modifying, and/or changing a physical activity so it is as appropriate for the person with a disability as it is for a person without a disability.
The Sports Program for Students with Disabilities
The Sports Program for students with Disabilities is an extension of the basic Adaptive Physical Education instructional program. It is designed to maximize opportunities for school and student participation. Any student who has a physical, visual or hearing impairment should be encouraged to participate.
Experience has shown that being physically active enables the disabled person to build self esteem. For the young disabled athlete, the sports program may provide the first opportunity for the family to see their child as an individual, functioning independently, and enjoying the same types of activities as their peers. Sports participation also serves as the motivating factor encouraging the child to continue in activities which develop strength and endurance necessary for independent living skills. While the general philosophy of the physical education program deemphasizes competition below the middle grades, the fact that sedentary lifestyles develop at such an early age among the disabled as well as the need to develop a positive self image negates this usual delimitation. However, it is important to insure that the early introductions to competitive sports are done in a positive manner. In the Sports Program for Students with Disabilities emphasis is placed on activities that contribute to the growth and development of all students involved. The promotion of positive physical, social, and ethical is a major objective of the Sports Program for Students with Disabilities.
The Sports Program for Students with Disabilities' philosophy is that quality training of both coaches and athletes are crucial to success in sports participation. Seasonal meetings and clinics for coaching and officiating will help coaches develop and improve the athlete's overall fitness and ability.
Coaching supplements are available based upon the different disability groups at the school site. Each school may receive up to FIVE supplements based upon the following criteria.
PI 1 -- Sports for Physically Impaired -- Fall Season
PI 2 -- Sports for Physically Impaired -- Spring Season
HI 1 -- Sports for Hearing-Impaired -- Fall Season
HI 2 -- Sports for Hearing Impaired -- Spring Season
VI 1 -- Sports for Visually Impaired -- Fall Season
VI 2 -- Sports for Visually Impaired -- Spring Season
VI 3 -- Sports for Visually Impaired -- Goal Ball
Coaches may receive up to THREE supplements during a year. Each supplement is worth $510.00
For more information contact:
Adaptive Physical Education
at (305) 995-1967